Note: It is hoped that the following
informations would help all our Balavikas students and other aspirants to
know the Divine Lord Sai’s life and messages in a nutshell and are
intended for fact-finding reading.
QUIZ ON ‘THE DIVINE LIFE AND MESSAGE OF SRI SATHYA SAI BABA’
1. What are the six basic
principles on which Baba's philosophy of life and education are based?
The six basic principles of Baba's philosophy of life and education are
SATHYA (truth); DHARMA (Righteousness) SHANTHI (peace); PREMA (love),
AHIMSA (Non-violence) and THYAGA (Sacrifice).
2. What is the meaning of Human value?
That which gives value to man is the realisation of the fact that he has
to seek and find the place from where he had come. Man alone has this
3. What is 3 - H.V.?
3-HV stands for head, heart and hand. V = values.
4. Who is an integrated personality?
One who has the head of Aadi Shankara, the heart of Buddha and the hands
5. Of the six human values. Love is said to run as an undercurrent. How?
When love enters one's thought and word it becomes truth. When love is
expressed in right action it is Dharma. Love in feeling is peace. Love in
understanding is Ahimsa or non-violence and Love in selfless service is
6. What are the ideals of Sri Sathya Sai Education?
The ideals of Sri Sathya Sai education are knowledge, skill, balance,
insight and identification and service. The pursuit of Truth yields
secular and spiritual knowledge. Dharma or right action is the result of
acquiring three skills - self help skills, ethical skills and social
skills. The pursuit of peace will result in equanimity - balance between
thought and action. It is through love one develops insight and through
non-violence identification. Love here means Truth by intuition,
nonviolence should imply the essence of the saying "mamaathma
Sarvaboothaantharathma".(I am present as Aathma in every living being) and
sacrifice is selfless loving.
7. How many types of knowledge are there?
Superficial knowledge; bookish knowledge; general knowledge,
discriminatory knowledge; practical knowledge.
8. What is the difference between individual discrimination and
Individual discrimination is related to selfish interest. Fundamental
discrimination is related to doing good to one and all.
9. What are the three Ps of life?
Purity, Patience, Perseverance.
10. What are the four Fs of life ? What do they stand for?
Follow the Master; Face the devil; Fight to the end; Finish the game. They
stand for Dharma, Artha, Kama and Moksha (Righteousness, prosperity and
fulfillment through service and liberation).
11. What are the five Ds that students have to cultivate to achieve
anything in life?
Dedication, Devotion, Discipline, Discrimination and Determination.
12. What are the fourteen undesirable qualities that man has to give up?
The 8 types of pride and 6 evils: Pride of strength, birth, scholarship,
wealth, penance, beauty, youth, authority; evils of desire, anger, greed,
infatuation, arrogance, jealousy.
13. What are the true flowers (qualities) of worship?
Non-violence, compassion, sense control, forbearance, peace, penance,
meditation and truth.
14. What are the five evils that students have to avoid?
Seeing evil, hearing evil, speaking evil, thinking evil, doing evil.
15. What are the four sins that human tongue is liable to commit?
To tell lies, to talk too much, to engage in slander, to carry tales.
16. What are the four components of 'ceiling on desires'?
Do not waste food: Food is God
Do not waste Money: Money is God
Do not waste Time: Time is God
Do not waste energy: Energy is the gift of God.
17. Who are our real kinsmen?
Let truth be your father
Let love be your mother
Let wisdom be your son
Let peace be your daughter
Let devotion be your brother
Let yogis be your friends.
18. Fill up the blanks:
(a) Study in order to....
(b)Truth is more fundamental than....
(c) Spirit of love is ....
(d) Science is.....
(e) Body is a ..... Mind is a .... Don't follow...
Don't follow .... follow your....
a) Study in order to be steady.
b) Truth is more fundamental than the Atom
c) Spirit of love is spirituality
d) Science is split of love
e) Body is a water bubble
Mind is a Mad Monkey
Don't follow the Body. Don't follow the Mind.
Follow your conscience.
19. Give the meaning of the following: Man; Nara; Human; Maanava; Moksha;
Samaadhi; History; Hindu.
Man: M = Maya A = Aathma N = Nirvana. When Maya is removed, Aathma is
revealed and then Nirvana is attained.
Nara: Na - without or (Not) Ra - Destructible One who is without
Human(ness) or being humane:
Highest value of mankind
Mind full of duty
Maanava: Maa + Na + Va - One who is free from ignorance.
Maa + nava - One who is not new.
Moksha: Moha Kshaya (Moha - delusion, kshaya - destruction).
Samadhi: Sama + dhi - Equal mindedness (In this state there is no
experience of pain or pleasure, loss or gain. heat or cold, praise or
blame. It is the nature of the SELF ever unaffected by duality).
History: His story.
H for humility
I for Individuality
N for Nationality
D for Devotion
U for Unity.
20. What is the five lettered Mantra that Swami gave on Shivarathri?
21. Arrange the following in proper sequence: (a) Head, Food, God. (b)
World, Self, God. (c) God, Father, Mother. (d) Unity, Purity, Charity,
a) Food - Head - God
b) God - World - Self
c) Mother - Father - God
d) Charity - Unity - Purity - Divinity.
22. What are the two things that one has to forget and remember?
Forget the harm done to you by others; forget the good done by you to
Remember the good done by others to you remember the bad done by you to
23. Who is the richest man in the world?
One who has few desires is the richest man.
24. What kind of man will not be troubled by Kali Yuga (Kali age)?
One whose heart is filled with compassion One whose lips always speak
truth One whose body is made use of to help others.
25. What are the real ornaments for an individual?
Charity is the ornament that should adorn the hand. Truth is the ornament
for the faculty of speech and listening to scriptural texts is the
ornament for the ears.
26. What are the four Purushaarthas (objectives) that students have to
Maithri (friendship); Karuna (compassion) Muditha (sense of appreciation)
Upeksha (to be away from undesirable people and action).
27. Swami gives unique meanings to some words. Give such meaning for the
following: (a) Maithri (b) Foreigners (c) Forest (d) Interview.
Maithri is spelt as My Three standing for purity of Mind, Word and Deed.
Foreigners are far - nears
Forest is for rest
Interview - to enter view.
28. In what context does Swami make use of the following analogies: (a)
Lock and key (b) Garland of flowers (c) Seed and tree (d) Registered
letter (e) Postman (f) Mariner's compass (g) current, wire, bulb, light
a) Lock and Key: To explain the truth that human mind is the cause of
bondage and liberation, Swami uses this simile.
b) Garland of flowers: is cited as an example to explain Brahma Sutra.
Just as different kinds of flowers are strung in a thread which is
invisible, so also the invisible Divine principle is present in all the
beings of creation. c) Seed, Tree: This simile is used to explain the
meaning of the Mahaavaakya, THATHVAMASI and the Vedic statement EKOHAM
The seed looking at the tree from which it has come says "I AM THAT".
Just as the manifold parts like branches, leaves, flowers, seeds etc have
come out of a single tree the entire creation has emerged out of DIVINITY.
The ONE became MANY.
d) Registered letter: When you receive a registered letter, it becomes
yours only when you sign it and take it; otherwise it is sent back to the
sender of the letter. Similarly when you are abused by others, keep calm;
do not reply or retort. (The abuser will cool down after some time.) Then
the abuses will go back to the abuser.
e) God is a postman. His duty is only to deliver letters addressed to you.
He is not concerned with the contents of the letters, be it good or bad.
So also God is not responsible for your joys and sorrows. They are the
results of your own actions.
f) The needle of the Mariner's compass always points to the North,
wherever we may keep it. Similarly devotees must always turn their vision
towards God in Joy or sorrow.
g) Current is Truth; Wire is Dharma; bulb is Peace; and Light is Love. All
the four values are inter-dependent and integrated.
h) Car is very much like a human body. Its four wheels are four
Purushaarthas; (the four goals of human life). The air which fills the
tyres of the wheels is faith. Steering wheel is the Mind. Switch is the
intellect. Brakes are sense control. The driver is the Jeeva. The owner
who rides in the car is Aathma. According to His directions the vehicle
should be run.
29. Swami uses certain analogies to explain the importance of keeping good
company and avoiding bad company. Give three examples.
Coal in the proximity of fire is transformed into fire. It is divested of
its blackness and becomes bright and red like fire. In the company of
fire, a piece of iron shines like fire. In the company of moisture and
water it becomes rusty, and dirty. Dust goes up higher and higher in the
company of air; in the company of water it goes down lower and lower. So
also the company of good and Godly elevates man and the company of wicked
and vicious persons drags him down and makes him wicked and devoid of
30. Explain these: (a) Life is a limited company (b) In your heart there
should be only one sofa (c) Mind is like a cat (d) Hurry, Worry, Curry.
a) Life is a limited company: Body is indispensable to live. To live
happily and peacefully, one has to be aware of the capacity of every organ
of the body and its functions.
Eyes are given to see but only to a limited extent. Human eyes are not
designed to see light beyond a certain limit of brightness. For example we
cannot see the Sun with our eyes without getting the eyes damaged. So also
there is a limit for the human ear to hear the sounds. The same thing
holds good to the other organs of the body like nose, skin, etc. Beyond a
certain limit they cannot function properly; trying to exceed the limits
amounts to misuse or abuse of organs, in which case there will be no joy
but only sorrow. Similarly there is a limit set to one's pulse,
heart-beat, blood pressure etc. If any of the functions exceed their
limits or fall below the limits set, there is surely an ailment or
disease. Hence the body or human life is said to be a limited company.
Above all, these organs should not be used for seeing evil, hearing evil,
talking evil and doing evil.
b) In one's heart there should be only one seat, not more than one and
that should be for God.
c) The human mind is compared to a cat. A cat catches hold of its kitten
with its mouth and carries it to a safe place in order to guard it from
danger. The same cat uses its mouth to pounce upon a rat and catches it
only to kill it. So also the mind could be a benefactor if it is engaged
in good and Godly thoughts while it can bring about disaster if indulged
in wicked thoughts.
d) Swami says that three principal causes for cardiac ailments are hurry,
worry and curry. It is the hurry and worry that create mental tension and
raise the blood pressure while the improper food upsets the blood
circulation and cholesterol levels. The physicians not only prescribe
medicines for cardiac ailments but insist on dietary control.
31. What is the translation that Swami has rendered for (a) Paropakaaraya
Phunyaaya, papaaya para peedanam (b) Sahanavavathu sahanau bhunakthu saha
veeryam karavavahai. Thejasvinaa vadheethamasthu maa vidh vishavaahai. Om
Shanti Shanti Shanti.
a) Help ever, hurt never.
b) Together together we shall steadily grow,
Together together we shall feed and foster, fortune and friendship, full
vigor and virtue,
Together together the knowledge we have gained, together together we shall
share as friends.
Together we shall acclaim and spread the message of PEACE".
32. Explain with reference to context:
(a) "Look here, you may give them food, but mind you, you will have to
(b) "Hey! you are a wonderful boy, you will help thousands, you are a
(c) "Let each one be given clothes he selects and what remains is good
enough for me".
(d) "The lingams are all here".
(e) "I shall give you the feet of Sai Baba, my previous body".
(f) "Bhavaani gave a sword into the hands of the emperor Shivaaji
commissioning him to venture forth and uphold Hinduism. This Shivashakthi
is giving these Pandiths the sword of courage commissioning them to revive
Dharma in the world,"
(g) "Your neck shall wear a Japamaala, a rosary which I shall myself put
around when you come to me after the sentence is over,"
(h) "Look at the mutual service that bird and beast are rendering to each
(i) 'Poor things!' They are sorry I kept them aside. Alright. I shall take
them also to Anantapur with me.'
(j) "This is my trade mark."
a) These words were spoken by Mother Eashvaramma. At the tender age of
four Baba used to persuade His sisters to hand out grain or food to
beggars. The elders were naturally irritated by the procession of beggars
that come every day. In order to put an end to this act of charity of
Baba, Mother Eashvaramma caught hold of Sathya's hand and with a finger
raised in warning said these words.
b) These words were spoken by Mehaboob Khan, a teacher who taught English
in the school. He treated Sathya with a unique affection. He used to give
Sathya often, some items of food or snacks specially prepared for him. He
would ask Sathya to sit beside him and stroking his hair he said these
words. One of the rare souls who recognised early the latent divinity in
c) These words were spoken by Baba. Kondamaraju, the grandfather used to
bring various types of dyed cloth to get shirts stitched for the
festivals. The grandfather would ask Sathya to select a cloth that he
liked best. In that context Sathya said these words.
d) When the site for construction of the first Mandir had been selected,
people were digging at a particular spot indicated by Baba. While Guni
Venkanna was digging, a large number of stone bases of Shiva Lingams were
found. There was not a single Shiva Linga in that place, and people were
wondering why Shiva Lingams were not there. Then Baba told them, pointing
a finger at his stomach: "the Lingams are all here". These words were
spoken by Baba.
e) These words were spoken by Baba. At Madras where He had sanctified a
temple at Guindy in His 22nd year, the devotee who had built the temple,
washed and worshipped Baba's feet and prayed to him to give an impression
of His feet on sandal paste, on a piece of silken cloth. Then Baba said,
"I shall give the feet of Sai Baba, my previous body".
f) These words were spoken by Baba on the occasion of the inauguration of
Vidhvan Maha Sabha on 20th October 1965 during Dasara, thereby declaring
that his mission is to revive Vedic studies.
g) These words were addressed to Kalpagiri, a murderer and a criminal who
escaped from the hands of police, and was wandering in the robes of a
recluse, (a monk). He came to Prashanthi Nilayam, after visiting all the
pilgrim centres in the South. Then Baba gave him an interview and advised
him to surrender to the police assuring him that he will not be hanged.
Baba also gave him money and Vibhutti Prasadam, and said these words.
h) When Baba visited Africa, He took a number of devotees, students and
Africans to see the river Nile. There they found a host of crocodiles on
the shore basking in the sun. There, Baba pointing out to the plover
birds, hopping about the crocodile area, some birds even dared to perch
inside the horrible teeth trap of the crocodiles, Baba said that the
plovers have no fear of being swallowed by the crocodiles because they are
eating off particles of flesh stuck in between the teeth, thereby easing
them of their tooth-ache.
i) These words were spoken by Baba, when Mr. Hislop was also there in his
room at Dharma Kshethra. Baba had ordered 100 saris to be brought in order
to distribute them to women workers engaged in the Anantapur college
building work. Baba selected 96 saris and kept the remaining four on a
table. An hour later when Baba returned. He found droplets of water inside
the packets. Hislop was wondering how it could happen, then Baba said
these words: "This is to prove that every artifact has a human feeling."
He also narrated the episode of Govardhana Hill.
j) This sentence was spoken by Baba as an answer to the question put by
Sri Eruch B. Fanibunda. Mr. Fanibunda noticed the letters T.P.S. on some
medallions created by Baba. He was curious to know the meaning of the
letters and asked Baba what they stand for. Swami said: "T means Thaara or
Star of heaven, born in human form. The letters PS stand for Pathri Sai,
Parthi Sai and Prema Sai. All the three Sais have the letters TPS as their
33. Why does Baba address us as Bangaaru?
There is an inner significance attached to Baba, addressing us as "BANGAARUU".
It indicates Baba's plan to transmute the unpurified gold ore that we are
into pure shining gold. Just as raw gold ore is washed in certain chemical
solutions, heated, melted, re-heated and beaten - finally shining with all
its glitter, so too Baba heaps on us several tests in the form of troubles
and problems only to chasten us, remove the gross and the dross in us and
make us pure - in thought word and deed. All that we have to do is to
patiently endure the tests with full faith in God.
34. Illustrate with suitable incidents the following Namaavalis: (a)
Sujnana maarga dharshakaaya namah (one who shows the path of attaining
right knowledge) (b) Mukti pradayahamah (One who enables and make it
possible for his devotee to attain liberation).
a) There is the incident of the visit of a certain Dhigambara Swami who
was instigated to challenge the Divine boy of Puttaparthi when Baba was
young. Some people in Puttaparthi who did not like Baba invited the
Dhigambara Swami, an aged man. a lame person, who had taken to the vow of
silence and was completely nude to Puttaparthi. His disciples brought him
in a palanquin to the Karanam's house. Baba came out with a big towel in
his hand. He spoke to the aged Swami with love and compassion (yet firm)
"Why this nude exhibition? Why this silence? Why should you make people
carry you from place to place? All these indicate that you have taken to
the Saadhu's garb only to eke out your living. Only those who are not
worried about the needs of the body deserve to be called a Saadhu. First
cover yourself with the towel and turn from now on to a true Saadhu. Go to
a forest, and meditate in a cave. Do not fear. I shall see that you are
fed and freed from the fear of animals." These comforting and encouraging
words of Baba opened the eyes of the aged Saadhu. He was full of gratitude
to Baba because Baba had revealed to him the way of attaining the state of
a true Saadhu and the right knowledge.
b) 1) This description of Baba means one who grants or confers liberation
from human bondage. Baba’s ways of conferring grace is unique and varied.
It depends on the devotee's experiences and Sadhana in this life and the
Seshagiri Rao was a Pujari or priest in the Mandir or Shrine at Prashanthi
Nilayam. He was a pious man having full faith in Baba. Once he had been
ailing for months and was almost on death bed. He was ready to welcome
death and to be released from the body. Just then Baba entered and sternly
said "How can you leave without my issuing a ticket, go and attend to your
duty". Of course Seshagiri obeyed the Divine command. Yet after some time
once again he became ill and suffered a lot. His suffering was such that
his kith and kin were very anxious to take him away from the Nilayam. But
Baba once again came, fed him with his own hands and said to his
relatives, "I only made him suffer, so that his Karma may be wiped out in
this birth itself". Baba left the place saying "you can go now". Thus
Seshagiri Rao was freed from the cycle of birth and death.
2) One girl hardly of six years replied to Baba's question "What do you
want", "I desire to merge in you", Baba tried to dissuade her from such a
pleading. Yet the girl insisted. Needless to say the girl's wish was
fulfilled. It was Baba Himself who had induced her to request Him to grant
her only desire - the only desire that man should pray for.
3) Once a blind boy was brought by his parents to Baba. They requested him
to bless the boy with vision. Baba replied "I can grant vision but this
boy has to take another birth as a blind boy to reap the consequence of
his cruel act of blinding a boy in the previous life. Let him live like
this and let him wipe out his Karma in this birth itself.
35. Complete this song of Baba:
'Love is my....
.... is my....
..... is my food.
My life is my message
.... is my nature
No.... for love
No.... for love
"Love is My form
Truth is My breath
Bliss is My food
My life is My message
Expansion is My nature
No season for love
No reason for love
No birth No death."