The Sunday Talk Given by
Dear Brothers and
The FIVE D’s
For this morning’s topic, I have chosen the five D's. In His discourses, Bhagavan often refers to these five D's, particularly when talking to the students. At the same time, I feel that they have application and relevance to seekers and spiritual aspirants also. Hence, I think that it is essential to share these five D's with our study group as well.
The five D's are:
five are given in this particular order for a purpose. I have not chosen
to put them that way. It is very clear that one leads to the other, that
one is corollary to the other; that they are given in a sequential order.
To begin with, I will just give you a bird's eye view of these five D's.
first is dedication. Dedication is a word that we often hear. People say,
“I dedicated my property to so-and-so.” Some say, “I dedicated my life to
such-and-such a sacred cause.” Some people say, “I dedicate my work to
so-and-so. I dedicate this book to so-and-so.” This is all the dedication
that we know. Yet, my friends, that is not in anyway spiritual. It is easy
to dedicate our residences and easy to dedicate our professions. Yes!
But the toughest thing is to dedicate, that is, to give up our ego. This is the toughest thing possible. After all, I can share anything with anybody. I am prepared to give up anything to anyone. However, to give up this ego is the toughest and most difficult thing. Why? Because ego is not just of today. Ego has been there with us over the past many lives.
Naturally you may question, "How do you know?"
very fact that we are born here is enough proof that we have not lost our
ego. Ego is the cause for re-birth. Once ego is given up, there is no
question of re-birth at all. Life after life, birth after birth is
obtained because of this maintained, sustained ego. Once this ego is given
up, there is no question of being born again. Once given up, the cycle of
birth and death ends. End of ego marks the culmination or the climax of
human pursuit, of human endeavor along the spiritual path. It means
I give up ego, it means I have attained liberation. Liberation may also be
called Nirvana. Liberation may also be called Moksha.
Moksha, Nirvana or Liberation is nothing other than giving up
we have to dedicate (Give up) our ego
E – G – O: This
three-lettered word is really causing havoc and untold misery to the
entire humanity since the beginning of time. Dedication means that we have
to dedicate (to give up or sacrifice) our ego. So, my friends, dedication
is kept on the top, as the first D. The spiritual journey, the spiritual
path begins with dedicating our ego, giving up our ego, sacrificing our
ego. That is the commencement of spiritual exercise.
Unfortunately, in reality, we find ego being strengthened more and more, even on the spiritual path. That's the reason why we have no peace of mind even in temples, even in mosques, even in churches, synagogues, hermitages and pilgrim centers. We don't have peace of mind anywhere. Reading a sacred text or doing a spiritual activity also is not giving us the desired result of bliss. The reason is that the ego is still there! So long as there is ego, bliss cannot be expected; the desired results can never be achieved.
First, dedicate your ego, which is the foremost, essential principle on
the spiritual path. Hence, we have chosen ‘dedication’ as number one. Not
that we have chosen it, but Bhagavan has kept it in the first place. We
are just adopting Bhagavan's sequential order; it is not of our
I am only a cassette
I repeatedly tell my friends that nothing is of my making. I am only capable of repeating, like a parrot, what I hear from Bhagavan. That's all. I have no claim of practicing all that I say. In addition, I make no false claim of interpreting other texts. My business is only to prepare certain topics from Sai literature and share them with you. No extra claims. I repeatedly and emphatically tell my friends this almost every alternate week. This reminds me that I am not original. I am only a cassette. I am only a fellow seeker. I am only a fellow aspirant, a fellow pilgrim, in no way greater than anybody else. I am also highly conscious of the fact that most of you are more learned or proceeding along the path of sadhana more than what I have been doing. I am highly conscious of it. The present attempt is only sharing our views. That's all. That's why this is a study circle group.
Devotion is love for God
After dedication, which means giving up ego, we start developing devotion. In other words, devotion is out of the question when there is ego. Devotion is unheard of, unthought of or undreamt of when there is ego. Devotion begins only after dedication. Dedication means sacrificing the ego. Then comes the second stage of devotion.
What do I mean by devotion? I am just giving you the ordinary sense of the term, the usual interpretation of this term. We say so-and-so is highly devoted to his profession. We say that he is very much devoted to his family, very much devoted to his country and very much devoted to his work. We are devoted to our own fields of activity.
Devotion, according to Swami, is altogether different. Devotion is Love for God! Devotion is not in anyway attachment. It is not total identification with work, avocation, profession or anything else. Devotion means Love for God!
What is Love for God? That which is unconditional, that which is desireless, that which is beyond reason and season, that which is eternal, blemishless, pure, unpolluted, crystal clear, non-dual, immortal and nectarine is Love for God.
using all these adjectives, the vocabulary nomenclature at my command, not
in a vain attempt to exhibit my expertise of the language. Certainly not!
I am only struggling to express myself one way or the other. That's why I
use so many words. For any one of you, one word will appeal. Then my task
is fulfilled. That is the only purpose. My friends, devotion means
unconditional, desireless, selfless, eternal Love for God. This is the
You are no devotee if you have no discipline
Devotion leads to the third step, which we call discipline. What is discipline? Some think that discipline is a behavioral activity, as we find in the army -- attention, stand-at-ease, turn to your left, turn to your right, left, right, march. That is not discipline. The discipline that you find in the army is military regimentation.
Then there is discipline that we find in the classroom, where students do not open their mouths. Listening to the teacher is an enforced order for fear of the teacher. Then the discipline in a mandir or temple is social discipline. When everyone is silent, I cannot afford to be disturbing others. I can't afford to be noisy. So discipline is a social phenomenon; discipline is regimentation; discipline is an enforced activity.
But spiritually speaking, discipline is ‘out of source and not out of force’. ‘Out of source’ means left by myself, I am highly disciplined. Although I know that I am not watched by anyone, I am still disciplined. Discipline has become my way of life. I have been thoroughly convinced of discipline and therefore it has gone into the bones and marrow of my life. It has not been enforced upon me, nor has any incentive for non-practice been withdrawn. No! Discipline is ‘out of source’.
Bhagavan goes one step further when He says, "You are no devotee if you have no discipline." If you have no discipline, you are not a devotee.
Furthermore, Bhagavan added two more points: "The one with behaviour is a boy. The one with discipline is a devotee. And the one with manners is a man."
there are no manners, we cannot call ourselves ‘men’. Without behavior, we
can't be boys. Without discipline, we cannot be devotees.
discipline comes from the source. It is discipline of the mind --
discipline which will not allow the mind to waver. It is discipline that
will not allow the senses to follow their own wayward nature. It is a
discipline that will not allow the intellect to be selfish. It is a
discipline that will not make the body self-centered. This discipline has
to be taken in a broader sense, in a wider context. It is not merely a
classroom, a military or a police-enforced discipline. The spiritual
discipline prepares the ground for us to do our duty.
the highest and the greatest duty is the realisation of the
The fourth aspect is duty. What is duty? I do my duty at the college. Doctors do their duty in the hospital. Others have duties in stores, hospitals, bookstores, or at any place where they work. We do our duty and everyone says that we are quite dutiful, if not beautiful. We do our duty.
But spiritually speaking, duty has another, deeper meaning. It is not simply discharging a duty. No! It is not the duty you have to do to maintain your own living; not the duty you have to do to maintain your own family. Doing your duty is nothing great. If you do not do your duty, you must be condemned. Others will say something is wrong with the mind. Therefore, discharging a duty is just a thing done by anybody anywhere, at any period.
But spiritually, duty has another, deeper significance. Right from childhood, we have certain duties. A student’s duty is to study. As a householder, my duty is to attend to the requirements of the family and to take care of its members. Then there is the duty to do my job at work. Then there is duty or obligation towards my country. These are all the fundamental duties of everybody in every nation.
the highest and the greatest duty is the realisation of the Self, the
knowledge of the Self, the awareness of the Self. The experience of the
Self is the spiritual duty. All other duties are mundane duties, momentary
duties, ephemeral duties and worldly duties -- physical activities, that's
all. The highest duty is spiritual -- the awareness of the Self.
fifth point is discrimination. Along with the path of duty, we need to
discriminate. We cannot do anything just as we like. We should not allow
ourselves to be prone to lean towards certain aspects of life. Our
intellect has been given to us to discriminate, to judge, to evaluate, to
assess, to be discreet and to enquire. We should clearly distinguish and
differentiate. That is discrimination: discrimination between right and
wrong, good and bad; discrimination between momentary and eternal;
discrimination between the creation and the Creator; discrimination
between energy and matter. So, we should discriminate!
sixth automatically is the result
These five D’s come in a sequence. Once we understand the five D’s -- 1, 2, 3, 4, 5 -- the sixth automatically is the result. You don't have to make any further attempt. Once you mix milk, sugar and instant coffee powder, the hot coffee is ready. Right! That result is automatic. You can name it under the heading of ‘determination’. Until now, I have not added determination, which means to determine now, to decide now. This is determination, the sixth one, which is the result of following the other five. It is automatic, sequential, the climax, the knowledge or the practice of the above described five D’s.
friends, that explains, in brief, the title of this morning's talk, “The
Five D’s”, which in turn culminate in the sixth D of ‘determination’.
In the time left, I will try to elaborate a few points on each one of them.
True identity is known only by dedication of the ego
Number one: Dedication. Once I have the spirit of dedication, I am left with two alternatives. Either I should have material values or spiritual values. Some have dedicated their lives for the freedom struggle. Some have dedicated their lives for patriotic goals. Some have dedicated their lives for material benefits. That’s all dedication indeed. We cannot dismiss it altogether. But we are here for a more important reason. We have to recognise that the spiritual values constitute what we call ‘dedication’. This is possible by giving up the ego.
By dedication, we find our own
identity. What is our Identity? I have been thinking that I am the body; I
have been thinking that I am the mind; I am thinking that I am an
individual. No! Once the ego is dedicated, once the ego is sacrificed,
naturally I will find my true identity. I am the Self, not the senses, the
body, the mind and so on. True identity is known only by dedication of the
ego. Dedication will help me understand the meaning of life, the purpose
of life – not simply life as a sort of machine, or life as a robot. Life
is not a routine. Life is meaningful and purposeful. This is known by the
act of dedication.
Enlightenment is not a stage
Now comes enlightenment! By dedicating
our ego, which is an obstacle, which is a barrier, which is an iron
curtain between God and me, once it is removed or once it is gone, I reach
a state, which we call ‘enlightenment’. My friends, enlightenment is not
people say, "I got enlightenment," as if they purchased some food packet
or obtained some packet from an instant food restaurant.
Enlightenment is not a commodity. Enlightenment is not a stage. Enlightenment is not an accomplishment. Enlightenment is not to be strived for. Enlightenment is not to be struggled for. Enlightenment is already here. How can I say that? Light is already there outside. We have closed the windows and doors; therefore this room is dark.
What am I to do now? Open the doors. Open the windows. That’s all! The light already there will get into this hall. You are not pushing the light; you are not generating the light; you are not producing the light. The light is already there. Only the windows and doors are closed. That is the tragedy.
Enlightenment is our birthright. We are already enlightened. But the growing ego, along with advancing age, along with the increase in the weight of the body, obstructs the light. We are not able to see the light of enlightenment because of the curtains, because of the window of ego, which closes and does not permit the light to enter. So that is enlightenment, which you get by dedication.
love is the beginning and the end
Then Love - Love is the ultimate purpose. Love is the beginning and the end! Let us know that love is not the end. Love is the beginning and the end! Love is the means and the end. Love is the way and the goal. Only with absolute Love are we prepared to dedicate. No one is prepared to dedicate anything so easily. Giving up ego is a big problem.
Everyone starts recognising me, everyone starts greeting me, everyone starts praising me, and hence my ego starts establishing itself. Then if anyone considers me an ordinary man, if no one recognizes me, if no one smiles, if no one greets me, I begin to feel neglected. My ego is affected. My state of mind becomes suicidal. Why? Over a period of time, the ego has developed. When it is shattered, I feel like committing suicide.
Dedicating is not that simple. It is easy to speak on dedication. It is
easy to write about it. But it is tough to practice it. I go to my office
and my subordinates don’t greet me -- my ego is affected. My students
don’t greet me -- my ego is affected. In the Mandir, everyone
starts pushing me -- my ego is affected. Then someone else takes my
regular seat -- my ego is affected. Swami, who talks to me regularly,
stops talking to me for the last couple of days -- my ego is affected.
Spiritual enlightenment is something within; but ego is something that
happens when something goes wrong outside. In our interrelationships, our
ego is affected. So, to give up the ego is not an ordinary thing. One can
give up many things; but my friends, this process is painful and agonising.
The dying process of giving up ego cannot be done without absolute Love.
Unless there is absolute, total hundred percent Love for God, you cannot
afford to give up ego. It’s impossible!
Even in front of God, I have ego. It’s not that easy to give up. Those who say that they have no ego, please take it from me, they are the very models of ego. They are the very personification of a hundred percent ego. When you say, "I have no ego", that ‘I’ has plenty of ego. (Laughter) If I say that I have no ego, that 'I' is ego. Ego might have gone out verbally, but within, it is strengthening deeper and deeper.
once the ego is given up, peace is the result
Once I give up my ego, peace abides. I don’t look that side or this side. Whether people have known me or not, whether people speak of me or not, whether I am popular or not, whether there is any character assassination, mud-slinging, rumor, or gossip against me; whether I am popular, famous or notorious, I am not bothered. Nothing doing! I am happy within myself. The whole world may say a thousand things. But I am not disturbed because peace abides once there is dedication. Once the ego is given up, peace is the result. By dedication, I proceed along this path of Self-discovery. I discover that I am capable of reaching a state of excellence.
spirituality is stateless
Some people say, “I am a sinner,” or, "Sir, you don’t know my previous life."
Swami has said, “Forget the past. Why do you want to bother Me with your past?” Further, God says, “There is nothing like past, future or the present. God is beyond time. Your true Self, Atma, is timeless. Then why do you think about the past?”
There are people who go on bothering you about their past: “You don't
know, but I was a heavy smoker and I was a total drunkard. Today I am a
Well, I am not bothered about your biography. Please tell me something that is of interest to both of us. Please tell me something interesting so that both of us can join together and encourage each other along the spiritual path. Don’t tell your bio-data and statistics about which I am not concerned.
Therefore my friends, you are capable of experiencing the state of human
excellence. It is possible!
Then there is another group of people who say, "We cannot go that far. I am not at that level."
How do you know what level you are at?
Some people say, "Well, we cannot reach that state."
What is that state? Where is it? Do you know your state? How do you know that you are at a lower state than someone else?
Some people say, "Sir, I am in the next state."
Oho! There is only the final state. Goodbye! (Laughter)
My friends, spirituality is stateless. Spirituality is level-less. Spirituality is class-less and caste-less. “You are already That,” says the Veda. You are already That! Thathwamasi: You are That. You are That. You are God!
still say that there is a long way to go and I cannot reach that level,
then I do not reach it. All right! If you don’t want to go, why not say
that you are not going.
He said, "Don’t do." (Laughter)
Straight answer, "What shall I do?"
Somebody thought this was a funny answer, so He asked, "Swami, what do you mean?"
Swami said, "Whatever you do, your mind gets into it. It is the mind that
does. It is the mind that directs. It is the mind that guides. It is the
mind that monitors. It is the mind that achieves. It is the mind that
frustrates. It is the mind that elates."
That is only ground preparation
is beyond the mind. Whatever you do with the mind - nagarsankirtan,
Suprabhatham or bhajan - whatever you do, it is only an act
of discipline. It is only a sacred activity. It is only ground
preparation. The flight is yet to take off. It is just moving there.
That’s all. It is yet to take off. Wait for the announcement. Am I clear?
All of the spiritual activities that we do with this mind are only a preparation. For actual realisation, Ramana Maharishi said, "Don’t do,” which means, don’t let the mind get into the picture; don’t let the mind take leadership; don’t let the mind be the pivot of your activity. That is the state of excellence, which is already in existence. It is already there.
With the spirit of dedication, you find joy in work.
If anyone says, "Sir, I am tired," it only means that he does not enjoy the work. Once you dedicate your life, you don’t get tired, you don’t get exhausted. Age is no barrier. No! You are ready to work from birth until death. Because you love, you are prepared to work until the last breath. That is the outcome of dedicating your life. Once there is dedication, our personality is well revealed, and we maintain harmony in unity of thought, word and deed.
A man of dedication will have harmony of thought, word, and deed. He will not say something, think something else and do something in a different way. The thought, word and deed are not at variance with each other. They cohere; they never adhere. It is perfect union of thought, word and deed. That is dedication!
My friends, now relax for couple of minutes. Just take a break now and examine what dedication is?
we say that we are dedicated? Has dedication any place in our lives? What
is dedication? For what purpose, is dedication given the first and
foremost place? One sentence: Dedication is nothing but giving up the ego!
Devotion is unconditional, desireless, selfless,
eternal love for God
Then we get to the second point - devotion. After we give up ego, then devotion starts. With all my ego, I cannot call myself a devotee if I go on telling about all of my achievements: "You know what I am? You know what I have?"
Firstly, why should I know?
Some people come and tell you, "You know what I am? You know what I have? You know what I did?"
Please keep it to yourself, sir; I am not bothered. Please share these things with those who are interested. I am not interested. I am only ashamed of my own record. How can I be bothered about your record? It is not necessary to tell me.
Devotion means a state after giving up ego, when there is no more talk of achievement, when there is no more of claim, when there is no more extra feeling. There is nothing like extra sensational expression, extra sensual perception. Nothing doing!
Devotion is unconditional, desireless, selfless, eternal Love for God. That's all. With this definition, I am sure no temple will be full of devotees. We go to temples and break our coconuts so that our children will get medical seats, or so that our children will get a seat in engineering colleges. We visit temples so that our business will prosper. All this is desire-oriented. It is not devotion in the strict sense.
You have to love Him unconditionally. In other words, whatever He gives you, you are prepared to accept. Whether failure, loss or defeat, it does not matter. That's your gift. That's all. This is surrender. Devotion is surrender, meaning, "Oh God, whatever You give me, I consider that is Your gift."
What made Jesus Christ pray for those who crucified Him on the cross? Jesus prayed for everybody: "Oh God, forgive them. They know not what they do." It is excellence. It is ecstasy. It is bliss born out of Love, born out of devotion and nothing else!
my friends, devotion is selfless. Devotion is desireless. Devotion is
eternal. Devotion is unconditional. Devotion is equanimity. That level of
devotion naturally will have an emphasis on certain values. Well, we have
a set of values.
Worldly devotion is an aspiration
Some might say, “I have one staff member in my office who is highly devoted to work.” “I have one person working in my factory who is highly devoted.” “There is one doctor who is highly devoted to his profession.”
That is devotion to worldly pursuits. Devotion to worldly goals and objectives we can call aspirations. “I am highly devoted to politics” means that someday I want to become Chief Minister. “I am devoted to financial concerns.” Yes, I aspire to be a millionaire at the earliest time possible. These are all aspirations. Devotion towards the world is aspiration, whereas devotion to God is adherence to a set of values. Devotion to God is the practice of values. The very practice of values is called devotion.
Devotion is not being ritualistic. "Sir, I am highly devoted. I go to church every Sunday."
Oh, I see. The Church is not going to suffer if you do not attend. (Laughter)
"I go to temple every Saturday, to the Lord Venkateshwara Temple, which is very busy every Saturday."
If you don’t go there, Venkateshwara will not miss you.
"Sir, I could not attend this morning’s darshan. I am very much worried."
Your attendance there is independent of Bhagavan's darshan. He has been giving darshan for the last 78 years in spite of you or irrespective of you.
sort of a thing is not devotion. Devotion is adherence to and practice of
values. Once you are truthful, once you are truth, once you are loving,
once you start to love, once you are peaceful and spread peace in the
neighborhood, you are devoted. That is devotion to God, not simply
practicing rituals. A ritualistic life is only external devotion, but
spiritual devotion is adherence to and practice of human values.
Then devotion wants us to be loyal. Okay! “For the past several years, I have been coming to this temple. My desire has not been fulfilled yet. Please give me the address of another temple where I can get it fulfilled.”
Hyderabad, there is one place. I forgot the name, but it is very close to
Hyderabad. There is a Venkateshwara temple in a village very close to
there. They call Him ‘Visa Venkateshwar’. (Laughter) If you go to
that Venkateshwara temple, you are sure to get a visa. So, He is ‘VV’ –
how we humanise God. When God wants to divinise our lives, we want to
humanise God Himself. We are experts and geniuses at modernising. ‘Visa
Venkateshwar’! (Laughter) That's not loyalty. “Because I did not
get a visa in some other Venkateshwara temple, let me go to ‘Visa
Venkateshwara’ temple now.” That cannot be devotion. No! Loyalty is
important! So is commitment and practice. You are committed to certain
values. You are committed to certain principles. That's devotion!
Faith + Confidence = Devotion
Then there is no question of compromise. There is nothing like ‘beating around the bush’.
"Is what you say true?"
"Ah, it is something like that."
Something like that! That is ‘beating around the bush’. It is nothing like circumnavigation. You are right there at the center. There is no question of compromise. There is no ambiguity. There is no confusion. It is experience in totality. Devotion is truth, love, justice, peace and compassion. These are all the values where you don't just circumnavigate. You are at the center of the experience of these values.
“Then what do I get out of this devotion? What do I get?”
What you get, after all, is this - morality in action! What do I mean by ‘morality in action’? Most actions are immoral; most actions are selfish; most actions are unethical. Once you are devoted, your actions are moral in the sense that they are caring, sharing, concerned, co-operative, team-oriented and yes, loving. Once there is devotion, all these things start working. That's the advantage.
Bhagavan Baba says, “Faith + Confidence = Devotion."
Faith plus Confidence: You have faith in God and you are confident that God will take care of you. You have faith in Him and you are confident that good will happen to you. 100% faith and 100% confidence equals devotion. Baba, the Divine mathematician, has given us this equation.
Then the next point: Duty with devotion. Once you have devotion, it takes you to the performance of your duties. You will have this devotion throughout.
There are people who say, "I was devoted in the year 1988." I see!
"I was devoted until 2002." I see!
Devotion is nothing like past tense or future tense. “I will be devoted from 2004.” It is not the present, or the past or the future. Devotion is present continuously! You were, you are and you will be. It is a thing that will come to stay with us. That is devotion!
Devotion is Non-interference in our faith
Giving up ego is dedication. Unconditional, selfless, eternal Love is devotion, which will make me disciplined. When there is no discipline, well, it means something is wrong. There is no devotion. According to Baba, a man who does not follow discipline does not have devotion.
You can check this point, if you are blessed with an interview. A number of times, Bhagavan has made this amply clear -- discipline and devotion go together. One is the obverse and the other is the reverse of the same coin. The point is that discipline is natural to a devotee. This discipline is not physical discipline. It is not discipline concerning our dietary habits.
Some people say, “I am highly disciplined; I eat only once a day.”
Please stop eating that also. (Laughter)
There are others who say, "I am highly disciplined; I don't go anywhere."
Please lock yourself within the house and stay there, so that you are no longer a nuisance in the neighborhood. That's not discipline!
Some say, "I am highly disciplined; I don't talk."
Yes! Your talk is of a standard that nobody is prepared to listen to. (Laughter) It is not discipline.
What is discipline? “Oh, God I will ask anything that comes between You and me to get out.” I will be free from anything that comes between God and me. I won't talk to a person who comes between God and me. I do not look at the face of the person that would make me lose my faith.
Discipline means to maintain your own devotion so that no one can ever interfere with your relationship to God. Our habits should not interfere. Our contacts should not interfere. Our relationships should not interfere. There should be non-interference in our faith. Unhindered, unaltered, steady, one-pointed devotion to God, without any of these factors interfering along the way, is discipline!
It does not matter that you get up at 4:30. It doesn't matter even if you get up at 5:30. Why not? These are all external rules and regulations that you do for your own health care. You cannot call it spiritual discipline.
discipline of our mind, so that it cannot desire further and further, is
spiritual discipline. The discipline of our senses, so that our mind is
not polluted by the experiences that we get through our senses when
interacting with the external world, is spiritual discipline. Let us
discipline our desires so that there will be only one single desire --
that of being with Him, of being one with Him.
unity of thought, word and deed IS CHARACTER
us discipline our power. Some people have a lust for power, a craving for
power. However, the inner power is the mightiest. That is the discipline!
You may have money, but the spiritual discipline wants you to know who you
really are. The greatest wealth is the Self within you. The Self is rich!
The Self is wealth! Bank accounts and security deposits are only money.
Let us discipline our emotions so that we will not be angry, so that we will not be greedy, so that we will not have a temper, so that we will not be jealous, so that we will not be filled with malice. Let us discipline our emotions so that we will be equanimous all the time.
Then we need to discipline our personality. There is no discipline in my personality when my attention to the body is more than my attention to the mind. Then my attention to the soul is altogether absent. Discipline means equal attention to body, mind and Atma - M, B, A -- mind, body and Atma. That is discipline.
Let us discipline our character. We have our own definitions, our own understanding of character. But according to Baba, character means harmony of thought, word and deed. Unity of thought, word and deed is character.
Some people say, “My son has excellent character. He does not smoke and he doesn't drink.” Oh ho, fine! However, what he says, you cannot believe. You cannot predict what he is going to do. What he is thinking, nobody can comprehend. How does that relate to character?
So, unity of thought, word and deed is character. It is not simply refraining from vices. It is not anything like refraining from bad habits. No! Unity of thought, word and deed is character!
Then no one should have pathological values. Pathological means disease-causing values like greed and selfishness. Let me have discipline so that I will be immune to all these pathological values, so that I am resistant to these pathological values.
Moral character is the outcome of discipline.
the highest duty is to know the purpose of life
The greatest discipline is to avoid everything that comes between God and me, centering my attention on the Self. That's the highest discipline. Then that takes me to another level, the fourth D - Duty.
What are our duties? Some people say, "Sir, my duty is from 10 o’clock to 4 o’clock. Or my duty is at night from 8 p.m. until 6 a.m." All the duties that we perform are time bound. All the duties we have are remunerative. All the duties that we discharge are obligatory. All the duties are for our living and maintenance.
But the highest duty is to know the purpose of life. The highest duty is to know the Self. The only duty is to be the Self, with the Self, in the Self, of the Self. That's all! To experience that supreme state is our duty. Yet, we are happy with fractional happiness. We are happy with segmental bliss. We are happy with pieces of joy. From the spiritual perspective, oceanic bliss, the bliss of the vastness of an ocean, the bliss that is as vast as sky, to experience that is the only duty we have, having been born as a human.
At the same time, it does not mean that we have to run away from our families, or that we should leave our children on the streets. No! We have a moral obligation to our family, to society and to nature. Apart from that, the greatest duty is to find and experience the Self. We must be grateful to our parents, teachers, mentors, to the society and to nature by-and-large.
Because we have not cared for nature, today we are facing the results of
earthquakes, floods and all sorts of hazards in nature - air pollution,
water pollution, food pollution, soil pollution, oil pollution and what
not! Even poison is polluted. (Laugher) Even if one wants to die by
consuming poison, it is not possible because it is polluted. (Laughter)
Therefore my friends, pollution is everywhere. Why? Because there is no
gratitude to nature. We go on exploiting nature. We are not grateful to
Man has become the worst exploiter
Man has become the worst exploiter. We find the water unfit for drinking. Many of the rivers are polluted. The sacred Ganges River is the worst polluted river in this country. Ganges is pure, but we made it impure.
My friends, we are not thankful to nature. We are not grateful to nature. Therefore, we are suffering today from health hazards and natural hazards. We are not grateful to society. We exploit the society. Having been born into society, having built up a stature in society, having earned money in society, having been benefited in every way in society, we have to pay back something in the form of service. Yet, we don't do that. Therefore, faith is gone and trust is gone. This is the present condition of our society. We are not grateful to our teachers; the result is arrogance and pride. We are not grateful to our parents; the result is that we are going to suffer tomorrow at the hands of our own children.
Therefore, we must express gratitude, thankfulness, reverence, appreciation, and do service to nature, society, men, parents, teachers and mentors. This is all part of our regular obligation, our fundamental basic duties. Yet, the highest duty is to know the Self. The path of inquiry leads one to experience the Self.
What is the effect of showing that kind of attitude towards discharging your duties? There will be harmony! There will be no disharmony. There will be no disunity. There will be no imbalance. There will be perfect balance and harmony. There will be Love. People will care for each other. People will be ready to share with everybody. You will find unity and justice. When everyone does their own duty, both from the outer and the inner points of view, there will be love, peace and justice in all quarters of the world.
Bhagavan said one thing, "Today people have forgotten their duties, but
they are fighting for their rights." Man is craving for rights, but he has
forgotten his responsibilities. Therefore, the emphasis should be more on
performance of duties and responsibilities, and not merely on rights.
That's what Bhagavan has said. We are ready to fight for rights, but we
are not ready to discharge our responsibilities.
Discriminate between good and bad
Well, we have come to the fifth D - Discrimination. When I want to know my Self, which is my highest duty having been born a human being, I have to exercise my discrimination. In knowing the Self, in being with the Self, in the Self, I have to exercise my discrimination between right and wrong. If I am in the wrong place, I cannot be blissful. Discriminate between good and bad, reality and delusion, spurious imagination or authentic truth. I must be able to discriminate what is good for me versus what is not good for me. I should be able to discriminate what would help me spiritually and what would not help me spiritually. I should be able to discriminate so that I can avoid certain things in life and certain people in life. That way I can grow spiritually. I can advance spiritually. I can mold my personality. I can develop my character. This is all possible through discrimination.
Finally, what happens? Determination! Discrimination ends up in Determination. I have not given the sixth D because it calls for action, which is automatic. Instead, I have given the heading of the fifth D.
Now what should I do? One - detach from power. As long as there is power-mongering, we cannot be spiritual in any sense. It is impossible! Power-mongering and spirituality can never go together. That's definite!
He is leading a worldly life in the spiritual field. Power and God cannot go together. Impossible! Detach from ego! Ego and God cannot co-exist! It may be possible for you to mix fire and water, but it is impossible to be egoistic and at the same time Divine. Detach from power and ego! Detach from cravings of the senses! Senses always want. Let us put a ceiling, a regulation, on the senses. You have had a bundle of experiences, so no more. Enough is enough! Put a full stop, oh please!
senses, you have ruined me enough! I am aged now. I am weak now. Why do
you still allure me? Why do you still make me sensual? Why do you still
lead me to vices? I am fed up with this. Please, enough is enough! “
Let us beg our senses, not to take us to the external world anymore. Enough is enough! Detach from sensual pleasure and sensual attraction.
Detach from the mind! The mind is a bundle of thoughts, particularly when one sits for meditation. All thoughts find it convenient to settle there. Or during bhajan time, all thoughts come into my mind.
“O mind, let me say ‘never mind’!” Let me not go along with the mind.
mind, why don't you keep quiet please for some time?”
At night, my body is at rest, but the mind has no rest as it wants to dream further and further. The mind is restless. This mind, which is acting, even wants to be active at night, dreaming while we sleep.
In turn, the restless mind is the cause for sickness of the body. The body falls sick because of the restless state of the mind. So, let us see that mind is at rest.
is it possible? By withdrawing the thoughts! What is the process?
Meditation is the process of withdrawing the mind. Meditation is a process
of controlling our thoughts. Meditation is a process of the no-mind state.
That we have to determine.
Life is a dreamland, but not a merry land
Let us also be detached from illusion. Let us not think that everything is permanent. Let us not hanker after possessions and acquisitions. Let these all just be imagination.
Baba says, “That is a night dream; this is a daydream. That's all!”
What we experience while we sleep is a night dream. What we experience now is a daydream. Life is a dreamland, but not a merry land.
Baba says, “Life is a dream, realise it.” Realise that the daydreams and the night dream are not permanent. You are the Truth! The real You is the Truth, not the day or the night dreams.
If we really want to be spiritual, we need to detach ourselves from lust for power, money, status, luxury and prestige.
Recently we watched Mother Theresa being given the highest honour in the city of the Vatican by the Pope. She was honoured for her spiritual excellence. She was honoured because of her humility. She was honoured because of her service and sacrifice. Mother Theresa was always moving with folded hands and a bent head. We never saw any trace of ego in her. Yes, that is spirituality! That is religion in practice! She had no luxuries. When she left this world, most of you must know what property Mother Theresa had - two plastic buckets, a mug and two dresses. That's all! All the cars that she was gifted with by people, including the Pope at the Vatican, were auctioned and the money was given to the church. She was left with nothing. But of course, God was with her. That is spiritual life!
We have to neutralise. Some are in overtones. Some are more intensive. Some are excessively manifesting. So we have to neutralise. A simple example: When there is more salt, we use some chilly powder. When there is more of decoction, we mix some sugar, so as to neutralise the effect. Similarly, when you are greedy, neutralise it. Be greedy so far as devotion is concerned, but not greedy towards the world.
Kama: Desire is wrong, but when Kama is desire for God, it is sublime. It is the same thing, yet desire towards the world is a weakness, whereas desire for God is a merit. Greed in the world is a negative point. Greed for God, yes, it is a merit. It is also called sadhana. So neutralise.
Envy should not express itself by way of avarice, hatred or enmity. Why can’t all of us achieve? Why can't I also control my senses? Why can't I also meditate? Why can't I also concentrate? One should have this spirit. Let there be no place for hypocrisy or double standards. There is no scope for arrogance whatsoever. We cannot be aggressive. There should not be any malice between us. There should only be Love abiding.
This is what we are supposed to do now. We have to detach from certain qualities and we have to neutralise other qualities. All this comes under determination. Unless we are determined, we cannot neutralise the evil traits. We cannot detach.
So, my friends, this is the topic for the day. I thank you very much for having listened in rapt attention.
Thank you very much.
Asato Maa Sad Gamaya
Tamaso Maa Jyotir Gamaya
Mrtyormaa Amrtam Gamaya
Om Loka Samastha Sukhino
Loka Samastha Sukhino
Loka Samastha Sukhino
Om Shanti Shanti Shanti